Newsletter Archives > ChiroPlanet.com Monthly Health Newsletter: June 2015 Health Newsletter

June 2015 Health Newsletter


Current Articles

» ALPHA LIPOIC ACID
» Boost Performance - Eat Your Breakfast
» Chiropractic Physicians Urge Conservative Approach to Pain Management
» Social Media... Depressing

ALPHA LIPOIC ACID
Alpha-Lipoic Acid

What is alpha-lipoic acid? Why do we need it?

Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) is an antioxidant manufactured in the body. It is sometimes referred to as the ?universal? antioxidant because, unlike most antioxidants, it is soluble in both fat and water. In addition to being manufactured by the body, it can be found in some foods and supplements (see below).

ALA has several benefits, particularly for people with diabetes. It enhances glucose uptake in people with type-2 diabetes, inhibits the process of glybosylation (in which sugar molecules attach themselves to proteins), and can reduce nerve damage and pain caused by diabetes. Preliminary evidence suggests that ALA can improve visual function in people with glaucoma. Test-tube studies show that ALA can stop the HIV virus from replicating, but whether ALA supplements can help people infected with HIV remains unclear at this point.

How much alpha-lipoic acid should I take?

As of this writing, there is no clear evidence that any particular dose of ALA provides a benefit for any particular condition. In the abovementioned glaucoma study, researchers provided subjects with 150 mg of ALA per day. Other studies typically use between 750 and 800 mg per day. Some practitioners recommend 20-50 mg of alpha-lipoic acid daily to provide general antioxidant protection.

What are some good sources of alpha-lipoic acid? What forms are available?

Small amounts of alpha-lipoic acid are produced naturally by the body. Some red meats ? particularly liver ? are believed to be good sources of ALA; supplements are also available.

What can happen if I don't get enough alpha-lipoic acid? What can happen if I take too much? Are there any side-effects I should be aware of?

Because alpha-lipoic acid is produced naturally in the body, deficiencies are not known to occur in humans. However, for people who take large doses of ALA supplements, some side-effects may occur, including skin rash, and diabetics run the risk of suffering hypoglycemia. Long-term use of alpha-lipoic acid in animals has been shown to interfere with the actions of the vitamin biotin, but research on humans has yet to be conducted.

As always, make sure to consult with a licensed health care provider before you begin taking alpha-lipoic acid or any other herbal remedy or dietary supplement.


References

  • Busse E, Zimmer G, Schorpohl B, et al. Influence of alpha-lipoic acid on intracellular glutathione in vitro and in vivo.Arzneimittelforschung1992;42:829-31.
  • Filina AA, Davydova NG, Endrikhovskii SN, et al. Lipoic acid as a means of metabolic therapy of open-angle glaucoma.Vestn Oftalmol1995;111:6-8.
  • Lykkesfeldt J, Hagen TM, Vinarsky V, et al. Age-associated decline in ascorbic acid concentration, recycling, and biosynthesis in rat hepatocytes - reversal with (R)-alpha-lipoic acid supplementation.FASEB J1998;12:1183-9.
  • Nichols TW Jr. Alpha-lipoic acid: biological effects and clinical implications.Altern Med Rev1997;2:177-83.
  • Packer L, Witt EH, Tritschler HJ. Alpha-lipoic acid as a biological antioxidant.Free Radic Biol Med1995;19:227-50.

Author: Nichols
Source: TYH
Copyright: TYH 1997


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Boost Performance - Eat Your Breakfast

Skipping breakfast can lead to a reduced athletic performance later in the day according to U.K. researchers. In a group of 10 males, researchers compared performance later in the day when eating breakfast as well as when skipping breakfast. In this particular group of individuals, when breakfast was skipped, even though more calories tended to be consumed during lunch (an average of approximately 200 additional calories), their later day performance was still reduced. More studies will need to be performed but if you're an athlete with an athletic performance later it the day, making a decision to skip breakfast may reduce your overall performance, even if more calories are consumed later in the day.

Author: ChiroPlanet.com
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, online May 12, 2015.
Copyright: ProfessionalPlanets.com LLC 2015


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Chiropractic Physicians Urge Conservative Approach to Pain Management

Painkiller overuse has led to negative outcomes for musculoskeletal conditions, reveals JAAOS study
Arlington, Va.— With new research highlighting more risks associated with the increased use of opioids for pain, the American Chiropractic Association (ACA) strongly urges patients and healthcare providers to consider first exhausting conservative forms of pain management. According to a recent report published in the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (JAAOS), the increased usage of opioids has led to unanticipated consequences such as a tolerance among some patients to the drug hydrocodone and negative treatment outcomes for conditions such as work-related musculoskeletal disorders, joint replacements and spine surgery.

"Beyond the risks of overuse and addiction, prescription drugs that numb pain may convince a patient that a musculoskeletal condition is less severe than it is, or that it has healed. That misunderstanding can lead to over-exertion and a delay in the healing process or even to permanent injury," says ACA media spokesperson Robert Hayden, DC, PhD.

JAAOS points out that more than 80 percent of the world’s opioids are consumed in the United States and that orthopedic surgeons are the third-highest prescribers of these medications – behind primary care physicians and internists. Researchers note that orthopedic surgeons must continue to treat pain but also implement strategies to battle the opioid epidemic.  

According to Dr. Hayden, one potential strategy is the use of conservative forms of care for pain before initiating higher-risk options such as opioids. A conservative health care model emphasizes more cost-effective and safer approaches over potentially addictive medications or surgery for pain management and health enhancement. For example, conservative management of back pain may include trying spinal manipulation combined with exercise and stretching prior to moving on to procedures involving higher risk.

Health care quality organizations now recognize the value of a conservative approach. Earlier this year, the Joint Commission, which certifies more than 20,000 health care organizations and programs in the United States, including every major hospital, revised its pain management standard to include chiropractic services and acupuncture. Clinical experts in pain management who provide input to the Commission’s standards affirmed that treatment strategies may consider both pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic approaches.

Author: American Chiropractic Association
Source: Acatoday.org, online May 20, 2015.

Copyright: American Chiropractic Association 2015


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Social Media... Depressing

A growing amount of research indicates those suffering from depression, loneliness and other mental health issues can be at risk for addiction to excessive internet usage. A new study shows similar findings with Facebook usage. Facebook addiction or intrusion arises when Facebook usage begins to negatively impacting one’s day-to-day activities and interpersonal relationships. In this recent study, 672 Facebook users were assessed utilizing questionnaires to determine their degree of Facebook addiction and current level of depression, if any. Researchers found those individuals with higher depression scores suffered from higher levels of Facebook addiction. Additionally, their time spent online was also associated with the degree of Facebook addiction - the more time online, the more Facebook addiction. However, time spent online alone was not associated with depression. These findings indicate that Facebook and likely other social media websites have a heightened attraction to those suffering from depression and addictive behaviors. Findings also identified those with the highest risk of becoming addicted to Facebook - young males spending an extensive amount of time online.

Author: ChiroPlanet.com
Source: European Psychiatry, online May 8, 2015.
Copyright: ProfessionalPlanets.com LLC 2015


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