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November 2017 Health Newsletter


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» ALPHA LIPOIC ACID
» Chronic Back Pain Could Be Made Worse by Spouse Hostility
» Young and Hypertense: Do You Know if You Have High Blood Pressure?

ALPHA LIPOIC ACID
Alpha-Lipoic Acid

What is alpha-lipoic acid? Why do we need it?

Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) is an antioxidant manufactured in the body. It is sometimes referred to as the ?universal? antioxidant because, unlike most antioxidants, it is soluble in both fat and water. In addition to being manufactured by the body, it can be found in some foods and supplements (see below).

ALA has several benefits, particularly for people with diabetes. It enhances glucose uptake in people with type-2 diabetes, inhibits the process of glybosylation (in which sugar molecules attach themselves to proteins), and can reduce nerve damage and pain caused by diabetes. Preliminary evidence suggests that ALA can improve visual function in people with glaucoma. Test-tube studies show that ALA can stop the HIV virus from replicating, but whether ALA supplements can help people infected with HIV remains unclear at this point.

How much alpha-lipoic acid should I take?

As of this writing, there is no clear evidence that any particular dose of ALA provides a benefit for any particular condition. In the abovementioned glaucoma study, researchers provided subjects with 150 mg of ALA per day. Other studies typically use between 750 and 800 mg per day. Some practitioners recommend 20-50 mg of alpha-lipoic acid daily to provide general antioxidant protection.

What are some good sources of alpha-lipoic acid? What forms are available?

Small amounts of alpha-lipoic acid are produced naturally by the body. Some red meats ? particularly liver ? are believed to be good sources of ALA; supplements are also available.

What can happen if I don't get enough alpha-lipoic acid? What can happen if I take too much? Are there any side-effects I should be aware of?

Because alpha-lipoic acid is produced naturally in the body, deficiencies are not known to occur in humans. However, for people who take large doses of ALA supplements, some side-effects may occur, including skin rash, and diabetics run the risk of suffering hypoglycemia. Long-term use of alpha-lipoic acid in animals has been shown to interfere with the actions of the vitamin biotin, but research on humans has yet to be conducted.

As always, make sure to consult with a licensed health care provider before you begin taking alpha-lipoic acid or any other herbal remedy or dietary supplement.


References

  • Busse E, Zimmer G, Schorpohl B, et al. Influence of alpha-lipoic acid on intracellular glutathione in vitro and in vivo.Arzneimittelforschung1992;42:829-31.
  • Filina AA, Davydova NG, Endrikhovskii SN, et al. Lipoic acid as a means of metabolic therapy of open-angle glaucoma.Vestn Oftalmol1995;111:6-8.
  • Lykkesfeldt J, Hagen TM, Vinarsky V, et al. Age-associated decline in ascorbic acid concentration, recycling, and biosynthesis in rat hepatocytes - reversal with (R)-alpha-lipoic acid supplementation.FASEB J1998;12:1183-9.
  • Nichols TW Jr. Alpha-lipoic acid: biological effects and clinical implications.Altern Med Rev1997;2:177-83.
  • Packer L, Witt EH, Tritschler HJ. Alpha-lipoic acid as a biological antioxidant.Free Radic Biol Med1995;19:227-50.

Author: Nichols
Source: TYH
Copyright: TYH 1997


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Chronic Back Pain Could Be Made Worse by Spouse Hostility
According to a recent study, lower back pain may be heightened if a spouse is unsupportive or critical of their partner. Published in August, the report involved observing 71 couples during a 10-minute discussion. The researchers were looking to see how a spouseís perspective could influence a patientís ability to deal with pain when they were suffering from a herniated disc, spinal stenosis, or a degenerative disc. After the discussion, the patients suffering from chronic back pain were asked to do a 10-minute activity which involved stretching, bending, reclining, walking, standing, and sitting, while their partner watched on. The research team measured the levels of hostility and criticism from the spouse along with how much criticism was perceived by the patient. They also monitored the patientsí depressive symptoms, pain behaviors, and pain intensity.

How Negativity Can Intensify Chronic Back Pain
It was intended for the initial 10-minute discussion to create conflict, but the amount of hostility or criticism given wasnít manipulated. The researchers were successful in creating this conflict, with all patients reporting significant increases in their feelings of sadness, anger, and anxiety. Throughout the activity, the patients who experienced greater pain and were more likely to observe greater criticism from their spouses have been found to have higher depression scores.†

Combatting Chronic Back Pain†
Speaking about the study, John Burns who was their lead researcher suggested that until now, most studies have focused on how adequate social support can positively influence someone with chronic pain. However, this study has demonstrated how negative communication from a spouse can have a harmful effect on pain patients, with these negative responses often creating a vicious cycle. Spouse criticism can cause pain among patients as expressed by straining, groaning, and grimacing up to three hours later. This can also lead to further spouse criticism up to three hours later. When someone is experiencing back pain, itís very easy to criticize, dismiss them, or even act in a hostile manner toward them. However, when a patient is enduring pain, the best type of support is to help them lead the best life they can despite their pain. For back pain sufferers, this may also include getting the help of a chiropractor. As studies suggest, this noninvasive treatment is effective at relieving this type of pain. If youíve got chronic back pain, donít suffer in silence. Seek the professional advice and care of your local chiropractor.

Author: ChiroPlanet.com
Source: Pain 2017.
Copyright: ProfessionalPlanets.com LLC 2017


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Young and Hypertense: Do You Know if You Have High Blood Pressure?
If you are a male between the ages of 18 and 39, there is a good chance you have high blood pressure and may not know it. Research findings in eight national health surveys conducted between 1999 and 2014 suggest that only half of the 6.7 million young adults between the ages of 18 and 39 who actually have high blood pressure or hypertension received treatment for it.

Most High Blood Pressure Goes Undiagnosed

Approximately 75 million adults in the US, which is roughly 32% of the population, have high blood pressure.† While awareness of and treatment for hypertension and high blood pressure has improved in recent years, a significant number of people still go undiagnosed and untreated every year. And a large percentage of those people are men under the age of 39. Over 86% of women with high blood pressure have been diagnosed and sought treatment, compared with 44% of young men. High blood pressure and hypertension are the leading cause of stroke and heart attack, and contribute to one in 4 deaths every year in the US alone. High blood pressure can be caused by many factors, including obesity, smoking, stress, and genetics. In many cases the risk factors can be reduced or eliminated and the condition can be controlled.† However, failure to seek medical opinion and treatment can have serious consequences.

Reducing Stress With Chiropractic Care May Reduce Blood Pressure
Studies conducted at Harvard Medical School and Brigham & Womenís Hospital in Boston, MA show that individuals who have shown elevated blood pressure in adolescence and early adulthood are at greater risk for heart attacks later in life. Researches suggest that preventing high blood pressure in the first place by exercising, eating a healthy diet, and avoiding tobacco is one of the best ways to reduce the likelihood of hypertension or high blood pressure.† If medication I required to control the condition, patients tend to get better results when they are young. Chiropractic care can also help alleviate or eliminate sources of stress caused by chronic pain, which can contribute to an overall reduction in blood pressure. If you have a history of high blood pressure or heart disease in your family, or think you may be suffering from the condition, you are encouraged to seek a medical evaluation and treatment.

Author: ChiroPlanet.com
Source: Hypertension, online August 28, 2017.
Copyright: ProfessionalPlanets.com LLC 2017


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